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Butterflies are insect group of the order of  Lepidoptera which means scaly wings, and well known for their remarkable life cycle from egg, larva (caterpillar), pupa (chrysalis), and then amazing metamorphois into its adult form (imago). With colourful dazzling pattern of its wings, most of the species are day-flying. Comprising of superfamilies of Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea, butterflies exhibit polymorphism, mimicry and aposematism. Some are developing symbiotic and parasitic  relationships with social insects such as ants. Economically, butterflies are important by virtue of being one the major agents of pollination, although a small number of species are pests on domestic crops and trees.

As adults, butterflies consume only liquids which are sucked by means of their proboscis. Butterflies feed primarily on nectar from flowers. Some also derive nourishment from pollen, tree sap, rotting fruit, dung, and dissolved minerals in wet sand or dirt. Butterflies sense the air for scents, wind and nectar using their antennae. These antennae are  richly covered with sensillae in various shapes and colours.

Butterflies are strongly correlated with environment. Environmental damage has made butterflies population decreased and in turn reduced the forest diversity. Together with other insects and bats, butterflies help pollinating plants and secure forest dynamics. Today, buterflies are spread out all over the world except in the very cold and regions. There are an estimated 17,500 species of butterflies out of about 180,000 species of  Lepidoptera. More than 1,600 species are found in Indonesia with almost 40 percent of it categorized as endemic to Indonesia.

Capturing the beauty of this insect group, the Directorate General Post and Telecommunications issue stamp series "Butterflies" in commemorating Love Flora and Fauna National Day, 5th November 2007. The stamp design features four species of these lovely creatures.

Delias kristianiae van Mastright, 2006

As a family member of Pieridae, this new species is found in Foya Mountain, Papua by Henk van Mastrigt in 2005 and described by him in 2006. The given name is delivered from Indonesia's first lady, Mrs. Kristianti Herawati, to honour and support President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in his effort to preserve Indonesian forest and protecting it againts illegal logging. Wings span is 4.5 cm.    

Ornithoptera aesacus Ney, 1903

This beautiful birdwing butterfly is an endemic species in Obi island and not found in other place in the world. Threatened by habitat alteration as well as overcollection due to high demands odf collectors, this species should  be granted a protection status. Wings span is 12 cm.

Ornithoptera croesus Wallace, 1859

The beauty of this birdwing butterfly had caused great exitement to Alfred Russel Wallace who found and described this species. this endemic species can be found only in North Maluku and shall be granted a protection status. Wings span is 14.5 cm.

Troides hypolitus Cramer, 1775

This birdwing butterfly is one out of 19 species protected in Indonesia. This species is found in Sulawesi and Maluku. Wings span is 12 cm.




Classification of issuance : Special Stamp

Product code        : 071112

Issue Date            : 05 November 2007

Designs & Denominations : 1/4  Delias kristianiae : Rp 1.500,00

                                          2/4 Ornithoptera aesacus :  Rp 1.500,00    

                                          3/4 Ornithoptera croesus : Rp 1,500.00

                                          4/4 Troides hypolitus : Rp 1,500.00                                     

Size                      : 31,96 mm x 31,96 mm 

Perforations          : 12.75 x 13.50

Colors                  : 5 colors

Paper                    : Tullis Russel

Gum                      : PVA

Printing Process     : Offset 

Printing quantity     : 180,000 sets

Sheet composition : 36 pieces (6x6) 

Price Full Sheet      : Rp 54,000.00 

 Designer                : LION design

Printer                   : Perum PERURI  


Souvenir Sheet (SS)

Product code     : 071412

Denominations : 2 x  Rp 2.500,00

Printing quantity     : 50,000 sets



FDC #1

FDC #2

Product code     : 072112

Price    : Rp 8.000,00/set

Printing quantity : 5,000 sets

Designer           : Alan Tandjung


Cover for First Lady : 27 November 2011


STAMP SALES PERIOD: 05 November 2007 - 31 December 2010

Period of Validity for Postage : 05 November 2007 - 31 December 2012