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SPECIAL STAMP ISSUANCE WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 2005
On June 5th, to commemorate the World Environment Day, The Directorate-General of Postal and Telecommunication of Indonesia issue the special stamp of "Environtment Care" series, in addition to the issuance, the souvenir sheet will be issued. At the same time the Indonesian Postal Administration issued the FDC. There are two different stamp designs, both wil be printed in denomination of Rp 1500,-.
The World Environment Day theme selected for 2005 is "Green Cities" and the slogan is "Plan for the Planet!" The theme and slogan are interpreted by the Ministry of Environtmental become "Make Earth Clean and Green". World Environtment Day will be commemorated by all people in the world with colorful activities such as street rallies, bicycles parades, green concerts, essays and poster competition in schools, tree planting, as well as recycling and clean-up campaigns. The World Environment Day theme and slogan are chosen as the theme of The First day Cover's design.
Beside that, 'Mangrove Forest' is chosen as the theme of stamp's design. The purpose is to socialize to Indonesia people the significance of the Mangrove Forest Conservation to the ecosystem protection mainly of coastal areas. Because we believe that if the society aware the benefits, they will actively take part in the efforts of rehabilitation and consevation of the Mangrove Forest.
The word "mangrove" is combination of Portuguese "mangue" (English : fen) and English "grove", used to refer to a group of floral species that grow in tropical low marshy area at latitudes below 30 degrees. Mangrove plants are unique for they have the characteristics of both land and ocean plants, commonly they have extensive root functions as part of respiration system (pneumatophora) and produce much organic detritus to create a unique coastal environment for marine lives. This root sytem happens to be their response (adaptation) to the less-oxygen habitat. Mangrove forest defined as the communities of floras (trees, shrubs, or forests) that grow along an-aerobic coastlines in tropical areas. Their roots provide a breeding ground for plant and animal biodiversity, and also aid in building up coastlines.
The roles and benefits of the mangrove forest can be concluded as follows:
On the other hand, potential consequences of the damage of mangrove forest are coastal abrasion, salt-water intrusion, flood, decreasing fishery recources, etc.
As archipelago with 75% consist of water areas, indonesia has very large coastal areas with coastline as long as 81000 km. Total area of mangrove ecosystems of Indonesia is equal to 75% of the total area of mangrove ecosystem of south-east Asia, it is over 27% of world mangroves. They spread over mainly the coastal areas of Sumatera, Borneo, and Papua. Indonesian mangroves have the highest diversity of species in the world. There are 89 species known in Indonesia, the most commonly found species are Rhizopora spp, Avicennia spp, Sonneratia spp, Bruguiera spp, Xylocarpus spp, Cerios spp, and Exoecaria spp.
Somehow, the area of mangrove forest in Indonesia has been dramatically deceasing. In 1982 it is recorded that the total area was 4.25 millions hectares but in 1987 it was only 3.24 millions hectares left. The tend of decreasing indicates the occurence of degradation of mangrove forest in this country, which is about 200,000 hectares per year. The misperception of the people on mangrove is one of the main causes of decreasing of mangrove forest. many people believe that mangrove forest are grubby and suitable places for mosquitoes, flies, and other insects to nest and breed, therefore they unnecessarily cut them through for the shake of sanitary. In fact they shouldn't do it because, if the ecosystem of mangroves are protected well, they will naturally keep the balance of the habitat so it will make the environment healthy for human to live in. The exlpoitation of mangrove foreast with no regard to the ecosystems happens to be the second thing to blame for the damage of mangrove forest in Indnesia.
On the other hand, mangrove forest constitute the flow natural resources which is renewable. They have both ecological and economical functions. In regard to that matte, the Indonesia Government has regulated the management of mangrove forest by legalizing the Public Act number 41 Year 1999, Concerning Forestry. The usage of mangrove forest for economical benefits such as tambak (brackish water ponds), farming, industry, timber, etc) must be conducted by regarding to the mangrove ecosystems preservation. Rehabilitation of mangrove ecosystems is a must, to bring back the original functions as the habitat of some species of fish and shrimp, mitigation of natural disaster, pollution, abrasion and salt-water intrusion. The Aceh tsunami on December 26th 2005 has taught us that, the damage of the areas which the mangrove forest still in good condition was not a bad as those without mangrove forest and those which the mangrove forest was damaged. So, there is no other option but "SAVE THE MANGROVE FOREST NOW!".
edited by M.Subkhan from many resources
Classification Stamp : Special Stamp
Product code : 051004
Issue Date : 5 June 2005
Denomination : 2 x Rp 1,500.00
Size : 41.06 mm x 25.31 mm
Perforations : 12.75 x 13.50
Sheet composition : 20 pieces (5x4)
Price per Sheet : Rp 30,000.00
Colour : 5 colours
Paper : Tullis Russel
Gum : PVA
Printing Process : Offset
Printing quantity : 200,000 sets
Designers : Eye Studio
Printer : PT AMG
SOUVENIR SHEET (SS)
Product code : 051404
Denomination : Rp 3,000.00
Printing quantity : 30,000 spcs
Designer : Eye Studio
FIRST DAY COVER (FDC)
Product code : 052104
Price : Rp 5,000.00
Printing quantity : 4,000 sets
Designer : Tata Sugiarta
Stamp Sales Period : 5 June 2005 - 31 December 2008
Period of Validity For Postage : 5 June 2005 - 31 December 2010
Others Related Series:
Environmental Care 2007
Environmental Care 2006