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Stamps Issue Series

Intangible Cultural Heritage of Indonesia

29 March 2010

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(1 Sheet Stamps, 2 Souvenir Sheet, 4 FDC, 1 Special Pack ) exclude shipping charges

In 2010,UNESCO has handed over the sertificate of Batik, Wayang and Keris as intangible of Cultural Herritage of the world to Indonesian government. As the country that its heritage included into world intangible culture, Indonesia is bounded by the obligation to conserve the culture and it is our duty to participate in conserving the cultural heritage by learning them.

Wayang (puppetshow) is an Indonesian traditional art that developed particularly in Java and Bali islands. The powerful influence of Hindu and that time influenced many wayang stories that absorbed from Indian Hinduism tradition. There is a version of Wayang played by man wearing costumes known as Wayang orang, the other version is a number of puppets played by a puppeteer. There are two kinds of Wayang played by puppeteer, i.e. leather puppet and marionette. The story narrated in puppet show ussually from Mahabarata and Ramayana. Wayang in Indonesia has been known since about 11th centuries.

The book of Kakawin Arjuna Wiwaha by Mpu kanwa (1030) which lived at Dharmawangsa Airlangga administration (year 1009-1042) in Kadiri Kingdom, gave the explanations, that at that periode, the leather puppet show had been known for ritual necessity. At 15th centuries, Islam started to develop, puppet show was used as a media to spread Islam by presenting story of Panji and story of Menak (Islamic stories).

Sunan Kalijaga and Raden Patah had given great contribution in developing Wayang. The Wali (religious leaders) in Java had been divided Wayang into three parts, first is Leather Wayang in East Java, second is Wayang Wong in Central Java anf the third is marionette in West Java. Wayang has been acknowledged by UNESCO on November 7th 2003 as an amazing artwork of culture and a masterpiece of Oral and intagible Herritage of Humanity.

nitially, Batik was written and painted on palm leaves. At that perode, motif and batik patterns were still dominated by animals ans plants figures. In the progress, the motif of Batik become various, there is an abstract motif/design resembles to cloud, temple relief, wayang beber and so on, Furthermore, through the annexation of painting motif with art decoration of clothes, the art of painted Batik appeared as we all know these days. There are so many kinds and design of traditional Batik that accord to vatious philosophy and culture of each region.

The history of Batik in Indonesia was started around 14th centuries on the age of Majapahit Kingdom, but started to expand at18th centuries of the age of Mataram Sultanate, and then at the age of Yogyakarta and Surakarta Sulatanate. Batik, initially was done only in the palace and wore by Kings and his family and followers. Since there were so many king followers lived outside the palace, the art of Batik was brought outside of palace and worked on it at their own places. Batik then developed into clothes, wearing not only by royal family but also by common people that were very delighted in.

Traditional Batik was painted on white woven clote named Mori cloth. For coloring the cloths, plants as such Mengkudu, Tinngi, Soga, Nila were used, and the soda made by grey soda, and the salr made by mud. Batik designs were formed by wax liquid by using a tool called canting for smooth motif, or brush for bigger motif, so that the wax liquid penetrated into cloth fiber. The cloth that had been painted by the wax, then were immersed with the color you wanted, ussually started with pastel color. The dyeing then moved on the other motif with darker color. After several times of dyeing, painted cloths were immersedinto chemical substance in order to dissolve the wax. The Batik produced were painted Batik until the early 20th centuries and printed Batik started to be known around the year 1920. These days Batik has become part of Indonesian tarditional clothes. The technical process, the technology and the motif development and the culture related to the production has been acknowledged by UNESCO as Masterpiece of the Oral and Intagible Heritage of Humanity since October 2nd 2009.

Keris is an exclusive stab weapon from Indonesia. The utilizing of Keris was spreading in Malay community. Nowadays, Keris is common in Indonesia region (particularly in Java, Madura, Bali/Lombok, Sumatera, a part of Kalimantan, and a part of Sulawesi), Keris has various curves, eg bend curves lath (always in odd number) and straight lath. Except as a weapon, Keris is often considerd as supranatural power. The procedures of utilizing Keris different to each regions. In Java and Sundanese regions, for example, Keris was put in the back side of waist in peace periode but put in front of the body in war time. Meanwhile in Sumatera, Kalimantan, Keris was put in front.

Keris lath was not moade by single metal element poured bt cement but it was made by comabining layered metal. As the consequence of this technic. Keris has characteristic luster on its lath.

Keris consists of three parts, the bodywork of a Keris is Wilah ( a lath) or in simple word is a blade. The second part of Keris is warangka (the case) and the third is gaman (the handle) or carved object, then all the completeness called Keris. Keris was categorized differently by its its period and the making style, so that, every Keris category that commonly called tangguh has its own physical characteristic. Several tangguh has known are Majapahit, Pajajaran, Mataram, Yogyakarta and Surakarta tangguh. On September 25th 2005, UNESCO affirmed Indonesian Keris as a masterpiece of Heritage of Humanity belongs to all nations in the world.

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TECHNICAL DETAILS

STAMPS

 

 

Classification of Issuance

:

Definitif

Product Code

:

101103

Issue date

:

29 March 2010

Designs and Denominations

:

1/6 Wayang Arjuna Rp 2.000,-

2/6 Wayang Kresna Rp 2.500,-

3/6 Wayang Hanoman Rp 1.500,-

4/6 Batik #1 Rp 1.000,-

5/6 Batik #2 Rp 5.000,-

6/6 Keris #3 Rp 3.000,-

 

Size

:

25.31 mm x 41.06 mm

Perforations

:

12.75 x 13.50

Sheet Composition

:

50 pcs

Price per Sheet

:

1/6 Wayang Arjuna Rp 100.000,-

2/6 Wayang Kresna Rp 125.000,-

3/6 Wayang Hanoman Rp 75.000,-

4/6 Batik #1 Rp 50.000,-

5/6 Batik #2 Rp 250.000,-

6/6 Keris #3 Rp 150.000,-

Colours

:

4 colours + invisible ink

Paper

:

Tullis Russel

Gum

:

PVA

Printing Process

:

Offset

Printing Quantity

:

Reguler 750.000  Sets

Ilustrator

Designer

:

:

Teguh Wiyatmo

Dadan R.

Printer

 

:

 

Perum PERURI

 

Souvenir Sheet

Product Code

 

101403 1 &2

Price

 

Rp 10.000,- per set

Quantity

 

25.000 sets

Designer

 

Dadan R.

First Day Covers

a. RegularDC

Product Code

 

102103-1&2

Price

 

Rp 19.000,-

Quantity

 

4.000 sets

Designer

 

Dadan R

b. FDC with SS

Product Code

 

102103-3&4

Price

 

Rp 14.000,-

Quantity

 

4.000 sets

Designer

 

Dadan R

 

Special Pack

Product Code

 

104303

Price

 

Rp 60.000,-

Quantity

 

4.000 sets

Designer

 

Dadan R

 

Stamp Sales Period                    : Notime period

Period of Validity For Postage      : Notime period

 

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