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       ROAD TO JAKARTA 2008

Road to Jakarta #1

JAKARTA 2008, the 22nd Asian International Stamp Exhibition will be held on 23rd - 28th October 2008 at the Jakarta International Trade Center, Mangga Dua Square, Jakarta, Indonesia. The event is jointly organized by Indonesian Philatelic Association, the Directorate General of Post and Telecommunication of the Republic of Indonesia and PT Pos Indonesia. JAKARTA 2008  is conducted to commemorate of the 80th years of Sumpah Pemuda and bicentennial of Post Road (from Anyer West Java to Panarukan East Java). Organized under the patronage of the Federation of Inter Asian Philately (FIAP), the objectives of this international stamp exhibition are expanding and developing friendly relations and close cooperation among FIAP members as well as promoting every aspect of philately in the FIAP region. The FIAP coordinator of JAKARTA 2008 is Mr. Tang Peng Hian.

Road to Jakarta #2

A Brief Story

Although Jakarta's founding is officially regarded as having taken place on June 22nd 1527, the actual history of the area goes back a long time before that date. Geologist presumed that the land where Jakarta existed today formed by sediment, carried by rivers from West Java hinterland about 5.000 years ago. According to records written by Chinese seafers, a small village had already existed in delta area of Ciliwung river about 5th century A.D., the area was part of a kingdom named Holotan, located in the area known as Bogor in the present. In 1452 A.D., Holotan was seized by Hinduism kingdom, Tarumanegara. At the period og Sriwijaya kingdom in southern Sumatera, Sunda Kelapa port was a trading link between the Buddism kingdom, Sriwijaya and Java.

A map in year 1470, drawn by Fra Mauro and kept in Pallazo Vecchio, Florence, Italy, indicated a port located in Java north seashore. At that time, Sunda Kelapa was part of Hinduism kingdom, Pakuan, dominating Bogor to south. According to Portuguese record, Tome Pires, Sunda Kelapa was the best trading port in the area, serving ships came from Sumatra, Tanjung Pura (Kalimantan), Malaca, Makasar, Java, and Madura, Gold, Fruits and the other agricultural products was sent by ships from Sunda Kelapa to Malaca, so was pepper, cane sugar and peanuts grown by local farmers.

In 1522, Governor d'Albuquerqe sent Hendrique Leme to meet king of Pakuan to ask for permission to buid trading center in Sunda Kelapa. The agreement was immortalized on a stone monument (Padrao), dated on August 12th 1522, found in 1918 and kept it in National Museum today. Demak force under Fatahillah command took over Sunda Kelapa and renamed the city Jayakarta (the city of glory) on June 22nd 1527; the date was commemorated as the Jakarta foundation today.

1n 1610, the Dutch le by Pieter Both anchored in Jayakarta and had permission to build trading center and fortification. In 1618 Jayakarta and British  attacked the fortification built by VOC. In 1619, VOC led by Governor General Jan Pieterszoon Coen arrived in Maluku by 16 ships and made destruction of Jayakarta. A city named Batavia was built above the ruins.

In 1807, Herman Willem Daendels was appointed as Governor General Indies Netherlands. Daendels had  a succcess in making Batavia as a full population city to south. A new palace was built in Northern Benteng Square, now, known as the building of Department of Finance. Not long afterward, a new residence stood on Merdeka Square, known as Merdeka Palace (Istana Merdeka) in the present. In the residence, Thomas Stamford lived. In 1820, the residence was bought by the Dutch government and extended into the official Dutch Governor General residence. A new port was built, Tanjung Priok, to serve the growing trade.

In the down of 20th century, during the grown of Batavia as government seat and as  a trading center, it was also a place where national movement was born. Budi Utomo was the first national movement came from (Indonesische clubhuis) an Indonesian club, at Stovia building, an Indonesian Medical school located in Jalan Kramat Jaya Raya 106. One of the Indonesian famous leaders was Mohammad Husni Thamrin, a Betawi man, born and grown up in Batavia. On the Indonesian Youth Congress in 28 October 1928, Youth Oath was taken and Indonesian National anthem was sung for the first time. From that time, the city, later, named Jakarta played an important role as the center of Indonesian Independent movement.

At the beginning of Japanese occupation in 1942, Batavia renamed Jakarta. Many avenues and squares were given Japanese names. Even the mayor of Jakarta was Japanese, however, the vice was an Indonesian, Soewiryo. Japanese occupation in jakarta lasted only three years. During that time, no development was made in Jakarta as all activities were pointed to war.

Two days after Japan surrended to the ally, indonesian independent was proclaimed by Soekarno and Muhammad Hatta on August 17th 1945 at Jalan Pegangsaan Timur 56 Jakarta (now Jalan Proklamasi). The governemnt administration of Jakarta handed over by Japanese to Indonesian hands. The building of city municipal was located on governor office in the present. Part of the old building was still preserved. The first Indonesian commemoration was held in Jakarta on August 17th 1946, although, the government seat, at that time was in Yogyakarta. After the first Dutch military aggression on July 21st 1945, the Dutch took over the municipal building and built theirs own governemnt administration. During the period, The Dutch authorities extended the city to South bu opening and constructing a satellite city, known as Kebayoran baru today. On December 27th 1945, the Dutch officially acknowledged Indonesian Independent. The governement administration of Jakarta was handed over to Indonesia, and the government seat was removed back to Jakarta. Indonesian first president Soekarno made the palace as his residence renamed Istana Merdeka.

TECHNICAL DETAILS STAMPS

Classification of Issuance

:

Special Stamp

Product Code

:

081101

Issue date

:

20 January 2008

Designs and Denominations

:

1/7  Rp 2.500,00

2/7 Rp 2.500,00

3/7 Rp 2.500,00

4/7 Rp 2.500,00

6/7 Rp 2.500,00

6/7 Rp 2.500,00

7/7 Rp 2.500,00

Size

:

mm x  mm

Perforations

:

 

Sheet Composition

:

7pcs  with gutters

Price per Sheet

:

Rp 17.000,00

Colours

:

5 colors

Paper

:

Tullis Russel

Gum

:

PVA

Printing Process

:

Offset

Printing Quantity

:

           sets

Designers

:

 

Food Stylis

:

 

Printer

:

Perum PERURI

 

 

Stamp Sales Period                    : 20 January 2008 31 December 2011

Period of Validity For Postage   : 20 January 2008 31 December 2013

 

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